Program Title Agriculture and Community Development
Exit Awards
  • Certificate of HE (Cert. HE) in Agriculture and Community Development Dpt, (1 Acad Year,)
  • Diploma of HE (Dip. HE) in Agriculture and Community Development Dpt, (3 Acad Years,)



The impressive development of seven emerging economies: Brazil, Chile, China, India, Russia, South Africa and Ukraine in so many spheres greatly contributed to raising our prestige abroad and to enhancing confidence in the economic stability of our Eswatini. For various reasons the rapid growth rate in these countries revealed the limitation of various resources and accentuated the urgency of planning to ensure a constant rate of development adapted to the circumstances peculiar to the country.

The importance of the Agricultural industry and the resources of which it is in charge are so great that it has strong claims for consideration under regional and community planning as a great partner in accordance to its contribution to and total value for the economy.

The position of Agriculture in the national economy, and its contributions to the vitality of the country, has been described by several authors. The key role of the agricultural sector on a national basis may be summarized as follows:

  • Agriculture is the life link between man and nature.

This special role of the farmer and his industry in the existence of man is rarely fully appreciated. The farmer is fundamentally the key man of the man-nature cycle in our economy.

  • Agriculture feeds the nation.

There is great anxiety over the clear indications that the world is heading for serious food crises since in many countries food production has not kept pace with the growing needs of rapidly increasing populations. It had been estimated that to feed the expected 6 million human beings in the year 2 thousand, grain production would have to be increased by more than one hundred percent and animal products by 2 hundred percent. The strategic worth of the food producing capacity of countries has become so great that it is considered one of the most important criteria for distinguishing between developed and developing countries.

In this respect, a country that sets a good agricultural policy can consider itself fortunate. Although its agricultural industry may prove to be still comparatively young, the future average level of nutrition of its population will compare very favorably with that of the most advanced countries.

The Programme of Agriculture and Community Development to be offered at APIST will equip students with all necessary knowledge in current thematic areas of the Development sector such as development theories and strategies, environment and sustainable development, Research methods, Public policy and poverty reduction, development economics, globalization etc. This core academic course structure also has intrinsic ability to develop research skills, proficient communication abilities, and geographical, cultural and sociological knowledge.


At the end of the program, students should be able to use concepts, approaches, and methods from Agriculture and Community Development curricula in their career or future studies to understand and evaluate issues, plans, or projects.

At the end of three years of studies, the graduates in the Science Department, Program of Agriculture and Community Development will be awarded a Diploma and can work as a community and economic development in positions that include: Agricultural Extension worker, Agricultural Vulgarizer, Agricultural Advisor/Extender, development coordinator for agriculture and environmental organizations, the staff of economic development corporations and planning organizations/agencies

The programme goals are as follows

1. Students should be familiar with issues related to the agricultural sector, natural resource policies, and rural community development.
Their focus should include three out of the five following areas:
• Agricultural markets, inputs and products
• Agricultural and natural resource-based firm production management
• Understanding of issues and changes facing agriculture in the region, nationally, and internationally
• Basic legal concepts related to business and agriculture
• Natural resource policy economics
• Community Development

  1. Students should be able to communicate effectively, both written and orally, economic concepts, business decision-making, and agricultural and natural resource concepts.
    These concepts include but are not limited to the following:
    • Understanding the drivers to changes and trends in the holistic development
    • Economic decision-making
    • Economic and business planning
    o Time value of money
    o Basic understanding of accounting and finance tools
    o Strategic planning
    • Basic statistics
    • Benefit cost analysis
    • Market analysis
    • Enterprise management and production analysis
    • Decision-making under uncertainty
    • Understanding of international trade, environmental issues
    • Introductory foundations in biological and physical sciences as they pertain to agricultural and natural resources
  1. Students should have the skills to fit into a business, agency, or academic environment and use economic concepts to quantify and analyze issues related to their employer’s issues.
    This includes:
    • Competence in professional/technical writing and word processing
    • Ability to use spreadsheets and statistical computer programs
    • Competence in applying analytical tools relevant to economic analysis

Agriculture and Community Development

Entry profile

The recommended candidate in the Science Department, Programme of Agriculture and Community Development is everyone who holds an SGCSE Certificate with 3 credits at least 1 sciences subject, 2 passes in any subject including English

Exit profile

At the end of the studies, graduates in the Department of Agriculture and Community Development will be awarded a Diploma and can work as: community and economic development in positions that include: housing analyst, development coordinator for agriculture and environmental organizations, staff of economic development corporations and planning organizations/agencies